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Sir Henry Greenway Howse

Sir Henry Greenway Howse

Male 1841 - 1914  (72 years)

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  • Name Henry Greenway Howse  [1, 2
    Henry Greenway Howse
    Henry Greenway Howse
    Title Sir 
    Birth Abt 1841  Lyncombe, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    • 1861 census says Lyncombe & Widcomb
    Birth Abt 1841  Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
    Birth Abt Nov 1841  Bath RD, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Born 21 Dec 1841  Lyncombe Hall, Lyncombe Vale, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Gender Male 
    Occupation 30 Mar 1851 
    Scholar 
    Residence 30 Mar 1851  Frenchay, Gloucestershire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Education Between 1855 and 1858  University College School, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Occupation 1861 
    Medical pupil 
    Residence 1861  57 Portland Road, Reading, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Witness at Marriage 8 Apr 1875  St Thomas a Beckett, Widcombe, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    • 2nd Cousin (Samuel Howse Coles)'s marriage
    Occupation 15 Mar 1876  [1
    Surgeon 
    Residence 15 Mar 1876  10 St Thomas Street, Southwark, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Occupation 1881 
    Surgeon 
    Residence 1881  10d St Thomas' Street, Southwark, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation 1891 
    Surgeon 
    Residence 1891  59 Brook Street, St George, Hanover Square, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation 1901 
    Surgeon 
    Residence 1901  59 Brook Street, St George, Hanover Square, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Honour 1902  [8
    Knight Bachelor 
    Occupation 2 Apr 1911 
    Consulting Surgeon (Retired) 
    Residence 2 Apr 1911  The Tower House, Cudham Road, Downe, Sevenoaks, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 1914  St Luke's Cemetery, Nr Bromley, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Death Abt Aug 1914  Bromley RD, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    • age 72
    Name Henry G Howse  [3, 4, 5, 10
    Name Henry Howse  [6
    Died 15 Sep 1914  Bromley, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Notes 
    • http://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E000217b.htm
      Howse, Sir Henry Greenway (1841 - 1914)
      Knight Bachelor, 1902; M.R.C.S., June 25th, 1865; F.R.C.S., June 11th, 1868; M.B. Lond. (Hons. and Medal), 1866; B.S. (with Medal), 1867; M.S., 1868; Hon. D.Sc. Victoria University.

      Born: 21 December 1841 Bath, Somerset, UK. Died: 15 September 1914.
      Born at Lyncombe Hall, Lyncombe Vale, Bath, on Dec. 21st, 1841. His father was a landowner and an ardent Unitarian, acting sometimes as a lay preacher. His mother, Isabella Weald, daughter of a London merchant, was married at St. Saviour’s, Southwark, now Southwark Cathedral, close to Guy’s Hospital. His parents removed to Frenchay, near Bristol, and during boyhood Howse was educated irregularly at home until he entered University College School, London, in 1855. His father had meanwhile moved to Reading, and on leaving school at 16 Howse was apprenticed to J. W. Workman at Reading. In 1859 he passed the Matriculation examination with honours in chemistry, and entered Guy’s Hospital in October, 1861.
      In 1863 he passed the Preliminary Scientific Examination with the Exhibition in Biology. At the 1st M.B. Examination in 1864 he took the Exhibition and Gold Medal in Physiology, Histology, and Comparative Anatomy, and Honours in Anatomy. In 1866 Howse passed the final M.B. with Honours in Medicine and Forensic Medicine and the Gold Medal in Midwifery. In 1867 he passed the B.S. Examination with the Scholarship and Gold Medal, and the M.S. in 1868, qualifying for the Medal, but coming second to Marcus Beck (q.v.). He was dresser to John Hilton, House Surgeon in 1867, Demonstrator of Anatomy in 1868, to which he added for the first time a class in histology. He became Joint Lecturer on Anatomy in 1871 and Lecturer on Surgery in 1888. He was appointed Assistant Surgeon to Guy’s Hospital in 1870, and acted as full Surgeon from 1875 until 1901, when he became Consulting Surgeon.

      In addition to teaching histology Howse improved the methods of injecting cadavers for dissection, using glycerin preliminary to the injection with red wax. From 1874-1883 he was editor of the Guy’s Hospital Reports, looking after the finance as well as the literary contributions. His full knowledge of anatomy and surgery made him a successful teacher, and he kept the attention of his class by constantly asking questions. He was naturally cautious and deliberate, constitutionally fitted to adopt the methods of Listerism which he had learnt directly by a visit to Lister in Edinburgh. So fortified, he practised freely the excision of tuberculous joints in children. It was common for him to have four to six cases of excision of the knee under him at one time; he superintended the dressing of each case himself. The Evelina Hospital for Sick children opened in 1869, and Howse was appointed Surgeon in 1871; thus he obtained more material of the same kind. From the point of view of mortality his results were splendid; as to the usefulness of the limbs there was more criticism. His results were not well known outside Guy’s Hospital until his publication of “130 Cases of Excision of the Knee” in the Guy’s Hospital Reports (1892, xlix) with an analysis by Newton Pitt occupying 106 pages.

      He made a striking advance by raising gastrostomy to a relatively safe operation when carried out in two stages; for a time his method was universally adopted. The drawback that, on penetrating the gastric wall and inserting a tube, the stomach might become detached led to his procedure being modified. It had become practicable to operate on varicose veins under Listerian methods without danger from septic thrombosis and pyæmia. Howse introduced the operation into regular practice. He also operated successfully for ovarian cysts and on a case of intussusception in an adult. At the Truss Society, where he was Surgeon, he was conservative as to the radical methods of treating hernia.

      At the Royal College of Surgeons Howse was appointed on the Board of Examiners in Anatomy and Physiology in 1883, on the Court of Examiners he served from 1887-1897. He was elected to the Council in 1889, was re-elected in 1897 until 1905. He was Vice-President from 1897-1900, and President from 1901-1903, in succession to Sir William MacCormac, and was succeeded by Sir John Tweedy. It was during his Presidency that he was knighted in 1902, and the D.Sc. (Hon.) Victoria University was conferred on him. He was Bradshaw Lecturer in 1899, and Hunterian Orator in 1903. At the University of London he was Examiner in Surgery, and later the representative of the College of Surgeons on the Senate under the older conditions. He was also interested in the higher education of women and sat on the Council of Bedford College.

      Living close to Guy’s Hospital for twenty-five years, in St. Thomas’s Street, he was in and out of the building most frequently; in the country he devoted himself to gardening; his holiday was occupied with Alpine climbing. In 1887, having married, he moved to 59 Brook Street until 1903, when he retired to Tower House, Cudham, Kent, situated on high ground over against Darwin’s house at Downe. He married Alice, youngest daughter of the Rev. T. Lethbridge Marshall, and had three daughters and one son.

      In retirement he suffered from osteo-arthritis and kept much at home, gardening and caring for his poultry. He shrank in stature, had intense pain, became exhausted, and died on Sept. 15th, 1914. He was buried at St. Luke’s Cemetery, near Bromley. He had followed his father as a Unitarian and attended Stopford Brooke’s Chapel. There is a portrait in oils by Lance Calkin in the Court Room of Guy’s Hospital, painted in 1903 when he was aged 63.

      Sources used to compile this entry: [“In Memoriam: Sir Henry Greenway Howse,” by Sir Frederick Taylor, Bart., M.D., with portrait, Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 1918, lxix, 1. Bibliographies of Guy’s Men, No. 4; Bibliography of Sir Henry Greenway Howse, compiled by J.H. E. Winston Wills, Librarian, Guy’s Hospital, 1915.].
    Person ID I14011  ONS
    Last Modified 9 Nov 2016 

    Father Henry Edward Howse, jr,   b. 1 Feb 1794, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt Feb 1876, Bath RD, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Mother Isabella Weald,   b. Abt 1807, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt Aug 1860, Reading RD, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years) 
    Married 6 Apr 1829  St Saviour, Southwark, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [11, 12
    • Southwark Cathedral
    Family ID F4473  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Alice Ellinor Marshall,   b. Abt Nov 1861, Camden Town, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt May 1881  Lambeth RD, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Children 
     1. Elsie Sybil Howse,   b. Abt Feb 1883, Southwark, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt Aug 1902, Eastry RD, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 19 years)
     2. Phyllis May Howse,   b. Abt May 1887, St George, Hanover Square, Belgravia, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt Feb 1953, Fulham RD, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
     3. Dorothy Muriel Howse,   b. 26 Oct 1892, St George, Hanover Square, Belgravia, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt Nov 1973, Weymouth RD, Dorset Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
     4. Thomas Arthur Howse,   b. Abt Aug 1895, St George, Hanover Square, Belgravia, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt Aug 1895, St George, Hanover Square, Belgravia, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)
    +5. Henry Arthur Greenway Howse,   b. Abt May 1899, St George, Hanover Square, Belgravia, London Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt Nov 1977, Watford RD, Hertfordshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 78 years)
    Family ID F3462  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - Abt 1841 - Bath, Somerset Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBirth - Abt Nov 1841 - Bath RD, Somerset Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 30 Mar 1851 - Frenchay, Gloucestershire Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWitness at Marriage - 8 Apr 1875 - St Thomas a Beckett, Widcombe, Somerset Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt May 1881 - Lambeth RD, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - Abt Aug 1914 - Bromley RD, Kent Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 15 Sep 1914 - Bromley, Kent Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S219] probate records - father.

    2. [S1877] Royal College of Surgeons, livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk, http://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/biogs/E000217b.htm.

    3. [S3] 1861 census.

    4. [S2] 1851 census.

    5. [S5] 1891 census.

    6. [S6] 1901 census.

    7. [S35] Freebmd.

    8. [S306] Obituary.

    9. [S64] Parish Register - marriages.

    10. [S480] BMD register (England & Wales) - deaths - multiple sources.

    11. [S42] FamilySearch.org.

    12. [S532] Doreen Lewis.